Cisco encourages gender Diversity in ICT

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Technology firm will host young girls from 50 countries in 90 locations, and provide them with career advice, personal career anecdotes and demonstrations of Cisco technology as part of a Girls Power Tech initiative.

The Cisco project, which was introduced on Girls in ICT Day, aims to raise awareness around the importance of girls considering careers in ICT.

Day is an annual day of activities backed by the International Telecommunication Union, aimed at creating an environment that empowers and encourages girls to consider careers in ICT. It is held each year in April.

According to a company statement, the aim of the Girls Power Tech initiative is to encourage the girls, 20 of which will be hosted in the South African office, to go on to study science, technology, engineering and mathematics subjects in higher education.

This year’s Cisco initiative will involve a combination of office visits, tours, presentations and mentoring. The girls will be given the opportunity to connect with the other girls across the globe and female Cisco employees will share their personal experiences in the ICT field, the statement reads.

Haley Williams, CSR programme manager at Cisco Systems South Africa, says: “Globally, women comprise a mere 27% of computer science, engineering and physics fields, and remain an untapped resource. There is also the remaining stigma that ICT is a field suitable for males. The 21st century workforce needs a new set of skills.”

Cisco says the lack of female representation in the South African ICT industry has become a growing concern to the South African Commission for Gender Equality.

Williams adds: “Cisco’s participation demonstrates that women are powerful catalysts for change in society, and that technology is an enabler to help accomplish extraordinary things. A diverse workforce has never been more important to stay competitive in today’s digital world and, more importantly, in the future.”

Cameroonian Inventor, Arthur Zang, a Finalist of African Engineering Innovation Competition

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Cameroonian Inventor

Engineering innovations to manage heart disease, boost off-grid power, support parents and stop electricity theft have been selected as finalists in the prestigious Africa Prize for Engineering Innovation.

The finalists from , , and were chosen for their ability to apply engineering to solve problems for people across the continent.

In Cameroon, where there are roughly 50 cardiologists for 22 million citizens, Arthur Zang combined medical diagnostics with customised software and hardware to change the way rural Africans access heart doctors.

The Totohealth innovation team, led by Felix Kimaru, is transforming family health in Kenya with more than 21,000 parents already signed up. Young mothers subscribe to Totohealth via a network of healthcare workers, clinics and non-government organisations.

The South African finalist is a team led by Johannesburg accountant Matt Wainwright. It is revolutionising the way energy is distributed and sold in Africa. Standard Microgrid’s first pilot is currently running on a rural test site in Mugurameno, Zambia.

In Uganda, finalist Eddie Aijuka has developed Kamata, a device to solve a massive problem of electricity theft in Africa.

“The four finalists represent the cream of African engineering innovation‚” said Africa Prize judge Moses Musaazi.

The winner will be selected for the business potential of the innovation and its impact on people.

“We are looking for an innovation with potential for high impact on the lives of people in sub-Saharan Africa‚” Musaazi said.

The finalists are now preparing for an exhibition of their innovations in London‚ and the final awards in Dar es Salaam on 26 May 2016. The overall winner will receive 25‚000 British pounds‚ with 10‚000 pounds awarded to each of the runners-up.

The next Africa Prize for Engineering Innovation is now open for applicants from sub-Saharan Africa who have developed innovations that can provide scalable solutions to local challenges.

Applications close at midnight on 27 June 2016‚ and shortlisted applicants will receive a six-month package of tailored support to help them achieve commercial success for their business.

Prospective applicants can go to www.raeng.org.uk/AfricaPrize

See more about finalist here

Toure Teyou Invents the Best Ever Image Compressor for Android Development

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Toure Teyou, a 25 year Old Silicon Mountain developer recently invented which is a powerful image compression library for . Basically, SiliCompressor is an that will compress an image of any format (PNG, GIF) into a very light image of format jpg.

In a discussion with Toure, he said, ” It all started when I was developing an app and I needed to capture a picture from camera and send to a server online but the picture from the camera was heavy From 2 to 4MB”. It is on this basis that Toure built his library, using an interesting algorithm that is implemented by giant messenger companies like WhatsApp.

Compression of images is necessary when we have to insert them in our page and do not want to increase your load time, to share more easily and for other reasons. Compressing images often involve loss of quality in them, but SiliCompressor will be careful to maintain the quality of your compressed images.

Presently, SiliCompressor is able to compress an image of 3.7MB to 47Kb and the Library is currently used to build an App Toure is developing. He is to release a new version of the library every 2 weeks and thinks it will move even faster when he gets good contributors.

A lot of people think that only internet-famous rock star programmers can contribute to open source projects. But Toure is saying SiliCompressor thrives on contributions from everyone, from beginners to experts, and even non-programmers.

Of course, code is where it all begins. And if you’re unsure of your own skills and hesitant to dive in, just stop that. No matter what your experience level, you’ll find that you can add something. The only way to know is to start.

At the moment, Toure is the ONLY contributor to the Project. Android Developers Interested in image compression are invited to be contributors to the project.

Checkout SiliCompressor and let Toure know what you think

PYTHON: THE EVIL WITHIN

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 is the first of a series of code articles written by our new columnist Acha Bill. Enjoy.

Ask anyone around and they will tell you that Python is the easiest language around. They’ll tell you a lot of good things about the language enough to make you want to be a python developer.

They don’t tell you that reading Python code is like going to hell.

The real problem with Python is not whitespace as most people say often.

It’s the difficulty in reading other people’s code.

 

Consider the code fragment below:

***************************************

import class1, class2, class3, etc..., classN
def evaluate(arg1, arg2):
    result1 = arg1.reaction()
    result2 = arg2.negotiate(arg1)
    return result1.execute(result2)

****************************************

Where do you actually start to understand this?

 

Python’s dynamic type nature makes reading the code so hard.

In the above python code, what tells you that the definition of

arg1.reaction() is in class1 or class2 or anywhere for that matter.

How do you know what result1.execute() actually does? By checking its definition? Where?

arg1 and arg2 can take on ANY type (class1, class2, …, classN) at runtime.

You just can’t figure out how the code works without haven gone through class1, class2, …, classN.

My God!! How do people love Python?

 

Let’s look at the same thing in C#

 

*****************************************

using class1;

using class2;

using class3;

 

int evaluate(class1 arg1, class2 arg2)

{
   class3 result1 = arg1.reaction();
   class2 result2 = arg2.negotiate(arg1);
   return result1.execute(result2);
}

*****************************************

This is a lot easier to study.

-If you are confused on how arg1 performs the reaction method,

go check it out in the definition of class1. At least you know where to find help. (class1)

-A return type of int tells you explicitly that result1.execute() returns an integer.

-etc.

 

How do you study code when you there is no way for you to know what object you are looking at??

Just giving me a name does not help me. Tell me what type that name attaches itself to.

Tell me that the variable ‘x’ is a complex number.

I’ll narrow down the way I see the environment with which ‘x’ associates with.

Giving me a necked ‘x’ is like asking me to compute all permutations for every chess state.

I’m not Kasparov or THE DEEP BLUE.

 

Let me further show you that python is only helpful for the author of the program.

A simple example.

 

******************************

def foo(arg1, arg2):
   return arg1 + arg2

******************************

 

Now python guys, what does this method do?

“It adds two things”.

 

This method makes sense only to the programmer because he alone knows what he achieves by adding arg1 and arg2.

 

You thought “It adds 2 things” is a logical answer but NO!

What if the programmer had overloaded the + operator for the type of arg1 and arg2 to act as a – operator instead?

 

In c++,

*************************

int foo(int a, int b)
{
   return a + b;
}

*************************

foo clearly adds 2 integer numbers. There is no game saying about that! Even a blind man will know this.

 

************************

int foo(X a, X b)
{
   return a + b;
}

************************

Here, foo does not necessarily add 2 Xs. I know this because I can see from the code that X is a custom type.

 

Python programmers on the other hand haven zero notion of data-types at compile time, hence, their code is open for imagination and for you to find your way through the multiverse.

 

If you want to get a feel of sitting in the Abstract Algebra class in MIT,

try reading just 300 lines of Python code you are new to.

Cameroon: The Digital Economy: Innovation, Growth and Social Prosperity Part 2

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Cameroon Digital Infrastructure|Ilegal Content|Cyber Security|Cameroon Digital Confidence|Cameroon fibre optics

Last week, I started a series of articles on Cameroon: the digital Economy: Innovation, Growth and Social Prosperity. In my last post I explain my point of view on what our society, businessmen and well as the government need  to do in order for Cameroon to emerge digitally.

In part 1, we focus on start-ups and the role start-ups play in the digital revolution of a country.  Today we shall focus on Digital Infrastructure, Digital confidence and Digital Security.

A) Digital Infrastructure

Cameroon Digital Infrastructure

A Digital Infrastructure is any Data Structure or System use in promoting data sharing and consumption.

Every year mobile traffic doubles and internet traffic doubles every two or three years. Investment into digital infrastructure is necessary to that the digital economy can continue to grow.

Our government / Tech companies must focus on a state-of-the-art network infrastructure, which is ready to fully exploit the growth in the digital economy, big data, Data mining etc.

To do so, we must focus on the following:
a.The stimulus for ultra-fast internet    

Cameroon fibre optics

Ultra-fast internet is the lifeline for a digital ecosystem.  The digital switch from 2G to 3G/4G will go a long way to roll in new technologies and create new opportunities for individuals as wells as start-ups.  By lowering costs of internet will go a long way to increase the innovative power of Cameroonians?  Cameroon is endowed with fibre optics running along the Chad-Cameroon oil pipeline, exploiting this will ensure that everyone is given access to the internet.

In 2014, Cameroon Telecommunications (Camtel) announced plans to extend its fibre optic network to meet growing technological demands in the country.  The project which is jointly financed by Camtel and the Chinese development institution Exim Bank would see the building of 10,000 km of fibre loops in several towns and cities, expanding the existing fibre network estimated to cover 6,000 km
b.Dynamic Postal and Telecommunications Markets
Competition in the telecoms sector ensures that citizens and businesses are able to take advantage of interesting and innovative services at the right prices.

The government must create a level playing field so that all relevant domestic and Foreign Service providers in the postal and telecoms sector in Cameroon will be able to compete in a balanced way. A cohesive and stable framework is needed to boost investment and innovation without losing sight of the competition. Digital customers must be able to change operator easily. Competition in the telecoms sector ensures that citizens and businesses are able to take advantage of interesting and innovative services at the right prices.
c.Digital Hub for businesses

With an attractive infrastructure in terms of connectivity, data storage and ICT applications, we are making our country a place where online businesses are established and create new jobs.  Powerful equipment attracts businesses, take for instance e-commerce, app developers and media business. We must establish start-ups incubators/hubs where young entrepreneurs can freely develop their applications, do crowd funding and few years become a start-up business. In this way we will make Cameroon one of the digital hubs in Central Africa.
B) Digital Confidence and Digital Security

Cameroon Digital Confidence

In order to be able to grow, the digital economy needs confidence and security. That means respecting rights and effectively tackling illegal practices.

Only when citizens and businesses have full confidence that their data is safe online, can the digital economy achieve its full potential.  Government needs to develop rules and regulations guiding the online processes.
a. Tackling illegal content and practices

Ilegal Content

Government must put in place a legal framework which will protect citizens and their businesses against illegal content and activities on the net. New measures such as online resolution of consumer disputes or efficient procedures against illegal online content ensure that the same protection applies online as offline. Content that will play down the international images of another company, individual or the country at large.

Cyber Security

b.Cyber Security

ANTIC should develop new cyber security strategy for Cameroon both in relation to information security and network security, and in relation to the fight against (organized) cyber crimes, scamming. The Centre must also be able to provide advice on how to effectively protect businesses, customers and public services online.

Because citizens, businesses and governments are increasingly dependent on telecom infrastructures, and are therefore particularly vulnerable when a crisis occurs, so ANTIC must provide a backup plan for emergency and crisis situations.

c.Safe and privacy-friendly online environment

Technology and its associated risks are evolving at breakneck speed. Everyone needs to realize that an online front floor also needs to be properly locked. Today the internet which was created to share information has grown far beyond information sharing to include adult content, hard drugs stores, black markets for hard drugs, child-trafficking, and many others, so government must develop strategies to protect its citizens from such contents. ANTIC should support or develop initiatives to raise awareness amongst children, adults and businesses about how they can use the internet in a safe and privacy-friendly manner.


 

By: Constantine N. Mbufung
Web Creative Officer Yoomee Cameroon www.yoomee.cm
CEO & Founder Next Generation Technology Group  www.nexgentechgroup.org

Want to make money on Facebook?

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If Facebook were a country, it would be the biggest one… which is why it’s so important for Facebook users to understand how to post and advertise effectively on Facebook and earn a passive income. A successful Facebook post can make a huge impact on a potential audience’s income.

There so are many types of Facebook post/content that users make use of on the Facebook platform. Research has proven Infographics, Memes,  and videos to be the most predominant post that generates money on the Facebook social network platform.

Infographic is a visual representation of information or data  which is a fun and quick way to learn about a topic without a ton of heavy reading. Infographics get shared more, viewed more, and loved more than most other post types. They are a powerful way to get your information out there in an explosively visual format. One study found that infographics trigger readers to move to your blog and make a purchase.

Videos are recording of moving visual images made digitally or on videotape. video communicates a message in a succinct and memorable way. Done well, a video can be extraordinarily persuasive to  trigger a user to pay and download. On July 1st, Facebook announced a new monetization policy to encourage businesses to create and host video content on the network. Revenue from sponsored Facebook videos will be based on several factors: the number of views the ad has received, the number of ads a user watched in a single viewing, and the amount of time the user spends on every video

A Meme is an image, video, piece of text, etc., typically humorous in nature, that is copied and spread rapidly by Internet users, often with slight variations. people often click on a meme image they find on Facebook . That meme image redirects their browser to the poster’s personal WordPress website that also contains numerous other meme images, allowing the clicker to explore and continue clicking on even more memes. Since these people have entered that website and are viewing all that the website has to offer, that website can receive quite a lot of hits, allowing the maker of the website to cash in on his websites popularity by allowing ads to be placed on his website. Thus, he entertains his website viewers and he makes money from people who have bought ad space on his website.

Facebook users should make money from their post by effectively using infographics,videos, and memes post. This Opportunity  motivates Facebook users to keep using the Facebook social network platform (mutual beneficial relationship).

 

Facebook:How to Make Money from your Post

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How to Make Money from your Post

Facebook the giant corporation and online social networking service is on the verge of the monetization of the different aspects of its activities and become the biggest force in the tech world. Recently, the company allowed all publishers to use the Instant Articles platform and show ads to the readers.

From this survey, facebook users will be able to make some profit from their posts on the social network. Users can include a tip jar, share branded content, and take a portion of the ad revenue Facebook earns from their posts.

It was also reported that Facebook could also ask the users to use a ‘call to action’ button to direct the visitors to donations, some sponsored marketplace, or other monetization schemes.
Facebook doesn’t allow the individual users to earn money by posting any content on Facebook at this moment. But it has allowed the news publishers to make money using its platform by rolling out more tools and ad formats.

Facebook has emerged as an advertising giant and the business of online news has never been According to a recent survey, in the first quarter of 2016, 85 cents of every dollar spent on online advertising goes to Facebook or Google.

Facebook has the power to experiment with new ideas to generate content and revenue. It has realised its potential as a game changer and is busy upgrading and making new rules of internet marketing forgiving.

In Cameroon, Switch Network while Keeping Old Phone Number

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Very soon, it will be possible to switch from one network to another while keeping your old phone number. Stop thinking it is impossible, and read on. By the way, there is already a technical term for the phenomenon called Mobile Number Portability.

A contract to facilitate the portability of mobile telephone numbers in Cameroon from one operator to another has been signed by three mobile telephone companies operating in Cameroon.

The endorsement was achieved on Tuesday 19, April 2016 at the Hilton Hotel in Yaounde between MTN, Orange, and Viettel mobile phone operators and the General Manager of Huawei technologies Co. Cameroon Ltd, the company to install and ensure the effectiveness of the technology.

Mobile number portability is a technological feature that’s already popular in most of the USA, Europe, and Asian countries. The technology allows phone users can retain their telephone numbers whenever they choose to switch from one telephone network to another.

If the installation is realized, Cameroon will become the 8th in Africa and only the second in francophone Africa, after Senegal, to have the mobile number portability technology.

The project which is expected to last seven months and would cost the three telephone companies not less than FCFA 1.5 billion will be supervised by the Cameroon’s Telecommunications Regulatory Agency, ART.

According to cameroonjournal, Li Jiguang, the head of Huawei technologies Cameroon stated that the mobile portability project is a milestone that will expand Cameroon’s technological horizons especially within the framework of the digital economy policy of President Paul Biya.

The representatives of the companies who took part in the signing of the contract were unanimous that not only will the new system leave mobile telephone users with the latitude to choose from a multiplicity of options with low costs; it will also ensure a better-connected Cameroon which has seen a meteoric rise in mobile penetration; from 12% in 2005 to 84% in 2015.

The mobile number portability project in Cameroon was first initiated in 2010 by Law no. 2010/013 of 21 December 2010 on electronic communications in its article 50 (3) which made provision for the technology, and prime ministerial decree no. 2012/1641/PM of 14 July 2012, fixes conditions under which the system should operate.

This Black Woman Has Won $1.1million Grant To Develop Laser That Kills Cancer Cells.

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, a master’s and Ph.D. degree holder at the University of Alabama at Birmingham, and is now is an assistant professor in the physics department at Tuskegee University,  recently won a $1.1 million grant to further develop her patent-pending technology for using laser-activated nanoparticles to treat .

Green is remarked for winning a large grant at a relatively young age, and for being black and female in a field dominated by white men. She says,

“There are so many people who only get a three-month or six-month survival benefit from the drugs they take. Then three or six months later, they’re sent home with no hope, nothing else we can do. Those are the patients I want to try to save, the ones where regular medicine isn’t effective for them.”

The way the technology works is that an FDA-approved drug containing nanoparticles is injected into a cancer patient and causes the patient’s tumor to fluoresce (glow) under imaging equipment. The goal is for a laser to activate the nanoparticles by heating them.

As a physicist, Green created a physical treatment that is not specific to the biology of cancer. she said. “It’s a platform technology. It’s not cancer type-specific, though it can treat cancer specifically. That’s a concept my friends who are biologists struggle with.”

This 13-year-old CEO is Crowd-Sourcing School Supplies for Kids in Africa.

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Ishaan Patel of West Hartford, Connecticut, USA is 13. What sets this average teenager apart from the crowd is the fact he is the founder of an initiative called “Planting Pencils”. A Foundation striving to make education accessible to children across the world by crowdsourcing everything from money to old computers.

With his inspiration in place, what goaded the 8th grader further was his aunt’s experiences abroad. Ishaan said,

“When my aunt Hema Shah went to India and Costa Rice to volunteer at schools that literally had nothing, she came back with stories about kids there. She would show us pictures and tell us how hungry they were for education even though they were not well off. Her accounts inspired me to take a closer look at education around the world.”

With the help of his mother who constantly guided him, “Planting Pencils” has so far raised $5,500, made four donations, including one each to schools in Tanzania and Ghana, and set up four permanent donation sites, with plans for a donation to a school in Jaipur in India in the pipeline.

Ishaan has become one of the youngest CEOs in the world and a celebrity in his school. He has been invited to visit the schools which have been the beneficiaries of “Planting Pencils” and plans to visit schools India and Africa the next year.

For more information and to Donate, Visit http://plantingpencils.org/